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Title WAV file player
Author T.V.Gokul
Author Email gokultv_ece [at] rediffmail.com
Description This is a simple WAV file player which interacts your Sound
card(of type SoundBlaster).It can play only 8-bit Mono PCM WAVe file whose
time lenght is around 1 secs.,the programmers can extend for more
timelenght.It works fine in Pure 16-bit DOS Mode
Category C » Multimedia and Sound
Hits 22363
Code Select and Copy the Code
/************************************************************************* *** ** WARNING: You need a HUGE memory model to run this. ** ************************************************************************** **/ /************************************************************************* *** ********Created by T.V.Gokul.Thiagarajar College of Engineering-Madurai****** If U have any Queries,Feel free to mailme at:gokultv_ece@rediffmail.com******/ //Include files #include "ALLOC.H" #include "DOS.H" #include "CONIO.H" #include "STDIO.H" void main() { char *name; printf(" Enter the file name...:"); scanf("%s",name); playwav(name,1.0); } void playwav(char wavefile[14],float delaytime); struct WaveData { unsigned int SoundLength, Frequency; char *Sample; }; struct HeaderType { long RIFF; //RIFF header char NI1 [18]; //not important unsigned int Channels; //channels 1 = mono; 2 = stereo long Frequency; //sample frequency char NI2 [6]; //not important char BitRes; //bit resolution 8/16 bit char NI3 [12]; //not important } Header; struct WaveData Voice; //Pointer to wave file unsigned int Base; //Sound Blaster base address char WaveFile [25]; //File name for the wave file to be played /************************************************************************* *** ** Checks to see if a Sound Blaster exists at a given address, returns ** ** true if Sound Blaster found, false if not. ** ************************************************************************** **/ int ResetDSP(unsigned int Test) { //Reset the DSP outportb (Test + 0x6, 1); delay(10); outportb (Test + 0x6, 0); delay(10); //Check if (reset was succesfull if ((inportb(Test + 0xE) & 0x80 == 0x80) && (inportb(Test + 0xA) == 0xAA)) { //DSP was found Base = Test; return (1); } else //No DSP was found return (0); } /************************************************************************* *** ** Send a byte to the DSP (Digital Signal Processor) on the Sound Blaster ** ************************************************************************** **/ void WriteDSP(unsigned char Value) { //Wait for the DSP to be ready to accept data while ((inportb(Base + 0xC) & 0x80) == 0x80); //Send byte outportb (Base + 0xC, Value); } /************************************************************************* *** ** Plays a part of the memory ** ************************************************************************** **/ void PlayBack (struct WaveData *Wave) { long LinearAddress; unsigned int Page, OffSet; unsigned char TimeConstant; TimeConstant = (65536 - (256000000 / Wave->Frequency)) >> 8; WriteDSP(0x40); //DSP-command 40h - Set sample frequency WriteDSP(TimeConstant); //Write time constant //Convert pointer to linear address LinearAddress = FP_SEG (Wave->Sample); LinearAddress = (LinearAddress << 4) + FP_OFF (Wave->Sample); Page = LinearAddress >> 16; //Calculate page OffSet = LinearAddress & 0xFFFF; //Calculate offset in the page /* Note - this procedure only works with DMA channel 1 */ outportb (0x0A, 5); //Mask DMA channel 1 outportb (0x0C, 0); //Clear byte pointer outportb (0x0B, 0x49); //Set mode /* The mode consists of the following: 0x49 = binary 01 00 10 01 | | | | | | | +- DMA channel 01 | | +---- Read operation (the DSP reads from memory) | +------- Single cycle mode +---------- Block mode */ outportb (0x02, OffSet & 0x100); //Write the offset to the DMA controller outportb (0x02, OffSet >> 8); outportb (0x83, Page); //Write the page to the DMA controller outportb (0x03, Wave->SoundLength & 0x100); outportb (0x03, Wave->SoundLength >> 8); outportb (0x0A, 1); //Unmask DMA channel WriteDSP(0x14); // DSP-command 14h - Single cycle playback WriteDSP(Wave->SoundLength & 0xFF); WriteDSP(Wave->SoundLength >> 8); } /************************************************************************* *** ** Loads a wave file into memory. ** ** This procedure expects a _very_ standard wave header. ** ** It doesn't perform much error checking. ** ************************************************************************** **/ int LoadVoice (struct WaveData *Voice, char *FileName) { FILE *WAVFile; //If it can't be opened... WAVFile = fopen(FileName, "rb"); if (WAVFile == NULL) { //..display error message return (0); } //Return length of file for sound length minus 48 bytes for .WAV header fseek(WAVFile, 0L, SEEK_END); Voice->SoundLength = ftell (WAVFile) - 48; fseek(WAVFile, 0L, SEEK_SET); //Check RIFF header if (Voice->SoundLength > 32000) { if (Voice->SoundLength > 64000) { Voice->SoundLength = 64000; } } free(Voice->Sample); Voice->Sample = (char *)malloc(Voice->SoundLength); //Assign memory if (!Voice->Sample) { return (0); } //Load the sample data fread(&Header, 46, 1, WAVFile); //Check RIFF header if (Header.RIFF != 0x46464952) { printf ("Not a wave file "); return (0); } //Check channels if (Header.Channels != 1) { printf ("Not a mono wave file "); return (0); } //Check bit resolution if (Header.BitRes != 8) { printf ("Not an 8-bit wave file "); return (0); } Voice->Frequency = Header.Frequency; //Load the sample data fread(Voice->Sample, Voice->SoundLength + 2, 1, WAVFile); fclose (WAVFile); //Close the file return (1); } void playwav (char wavefile[14], float delaytime ) { delaytime=1.0; if (ResetDSP (0x220)) { //at 220h printf (""); } else { if (ResetDSP (0x240)) { //at 240h printf (""); } else { //or none at all printf (""); return; } } //Load wave file if (LoadVoice (&Voice, wavefile)) { //Start playback PlayBack (&Voice); delay(delaytime*1000); //Stops DMA-transfer WriteDSP (0xD0); } }

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